Warning: curl_exec() has been disabled for security reasons in /home/content/s/m/i/smithmattl/html/zme/wp-content/plugins/g-crossposting/g-crossposting.php on line 231

Paydayloans Paydayloans

Old File Clean-out: My Vocab List

I am likely not the only one who growing up had too much time and not enough to do. One of my favorite past-times on the farm was to create vocabulary lists (an odd teen hobby for the younger boy who had to be forced to sit and study spelling). I found the following roster of, I must say, well-curated words that I also must say – I didn’t master. Time to rectify that and take up an old hobby again?

 

I believe all copy&paste (circa 2004) are ©Mirriam-Webster, http://www.merriam-webster.com/.

The Vocab List

froward \FROH-erd\ adjective

: habitually disposed to disobedience and opposition

tartar \TAR-ter\ noun

1 capitalized : a native or inhabitant of a vast historical region in Asia and Eastern Europe roughly extending from the Sea of Japan to the Dnieper
*2 often capitalized : a person of irritable or violent temper
3 : one that proves to be unexpectedly formidable

xenophobia \zen-uh-FOH-bee-uh\ noun

: fear and hatred of strangers or foreigners or of anything that is strange or foreign

kaput \kuh-PUT\ adjective

1 : utterly finished, defeated, or destroyed
*2 : unable to function : useless
3 : hopelessly outmoded

subpoena \suh-PEE-nuh\ noun

: a writ commanding a person designated in it to appear in court under a penalty for failure

tantamount \TANT-uh-mount\ adjective

: equivalent in value, significance, or effect

abjure \ab-JOOR\ verb

1 a : to renounce upon oath b : to reject solemnly
*2 : to abstain from : avoid

tawdry \TAW-dree\ adjective

: cheap and gaudy in appearance or quality; also : ignoble

jimjams \JIM-jamz\ noun plural

: jitters

quiddity \KWID-uh-tee\ noun

*1 : whatever makes something the type that it is : essence
2 a : a trifling point : quibble b : crotchet, eccentricity

goober \GOO-ber (the “OO” may be pronounced either as in “food” or as in “good”)\ noun

: peanut

 

rectitudinous \rek-tuh-TOO-duh-nuss\ adjective

*1 : characterized by straightness or moral integrity
2 : piously self-righteous

disparage \di-SPAIR-ij\ verb

1 : to lower in rank or reputation : degrade
*2 : to speak slightingly about : belittle

imperturbable \im-per-TER-buh-bul\ adjective

: marked by extreme calm, impassivity, and steadiness : serene

hebetude \HEB-uh-tood (“oo” as in “food”)\ noun

: lethargy, dullness

cajole \kuh-JOAL\ verb

*1 : to persuade with flattery or gentle urging especially in the face of reluctance : coax
2 : to deceive with soothing words or false promises

poignant \POY-nyunt\ adjective

1 : pungently pervasive
2 a (1) painfully affecting the feelings : piercing *(2) deeply affecting : touching b : designed to make an impression : cutting
3 a : pleasurably stimulating b : being to the point : apt

mawkish \MAW-kish\ adjective

1 : having an insipid often unpleasant taste
*2 : sickly or puerilely sentimental

incumbent \in-KUM-bunt\ noun

1 : the holder of an office or ecclesiastical benefice
*2 : one that occupies a particular position or place

causerie \koh-zuh-REE\ noun

*1: an informal conversation : chat
2: a short informal essay

abominable \uh-BAH-muh-nuh-bul\ adjective

1 : worthy of or causing disgust or hatred : detestable
*2 : quite disagreeable or unpleasant

 

magniloquent \mag-NIL-uh-kwunt\ adjective

: speaking in or characterized by a high-flown often bombastic style or manner

espouse \iss-POWZ (OW as in “cow”)\ verb

1 : marry
*2 : to take up and support as a cause : become attached to

compunction \kum-PUNK-shun\ noun

1 : anxiety arising from awareness of guilt
*2 : distress of mind over an anticipated action or result
3 : a twinge of misgiving : scruple

quodlibet \KWAHD-luh-bet\ noun

1 : a philosophical or theological point proposed for disputation; also : a disputation on such a point
*2 : a whimsical combination of familiar melodies or texts

bromide \BROH-myde\ noun

1 : a binary compound of bromine with another element or a radical including some (as potassium bromide) used as sedatives
2 a : a commonplace or tiresome person : bore *b : a commonplace or hackneyed statement or notion

frisson \free-SOHNG (the last vowel is pronounced nasally, and the final “ng” is not pronounced)\ noun

: a brief moment of emotional excitement : shudder, thrill

putsch \PUCH (“U” is as in “butcher”)\ noun

: a secretly plotted and suddenly executed attempt to overthrow a government

mendacious \men-DAY-shus\ adjective

: given to or characterized by deception or falsehood or divergence from absolute truth

bildungsroman \BIL-doonks-roh-MAHN (“oo” as in “good”)\ noun

: a novel about the moral and psychological growth of the main character

knee-jerk \NEE-jerk\ adjective

: readily predictable : automatic; also : reacting in a readily predictable way

superfluous \soo-PER-floo-us\ adjective

*1 : exceeding what is sufficient or necessary : extra
2 : not needed : unnecessary

métier \MET-yay\ noun

1 : vocation, trade
*2 : an area of activity in which one excels : forte

peccant \PEK-unt\ adjective

*1 : guilty of a moral offense : sinning
2 : violating a principle or rule : faulty

commensal \kuh-MEN-sul\ adjective

1 : of or relating to those who habitually eat together
*2 : living in a relationship in which one organism obtains food or other benefits from another without damaging or benefiting it

haywire \HAY-wyre\ adverb or adjective

*1 : being out of order or having gone wrong
2 : emotionally or mentally upset or out of control

incommensurable \in-kuh-MEN-suh-ruh-bul\ adjective

: not commensurable; broadly : lacking a basis of comparison in respect to a quality normally subject to comparison

fructify \FRUK-tuh-fye\ verb
*1: to bear fruit
2: to make fruitful or productive

imbibition \im-buh-BIH-shun\ noun

*1 : the act or action of drinking
2 : the act or action of taking in or up : absorption

cavil \KAV-il\ verb

*1 intransitive sense : to raise trivial and frivolous objection
2 transitive sense : to raise trivial objections to

objurgation \ahb-jer-GAY-shun\ noun

: a harsh rebuke

raffish \RAF-ish\ adjective

1 : marked by or suggestive of flashy vulgarity or crudeness
*2 : marked by a careless unconventionality : rakish

maffick \MAFF-ik\ verb

: to celebrate with boisterous rejoicing and hilarious behavior

sangfroid \SAHN-FRWAH (the vowel in the first syllable is pronounced nasally without any following consonant)\ noun

: self-possession or imperturbability especially under strain

nebulous \NEH-byuh-lus\ adjective

1 : of, relating to, or resembling a nebula : nebular
*2 : indistinct, vague

megrim \MEE-grum\ noun

1 a : migraine b : vertigo, dizziness
2 a : fancy, whim *b plural : low spirits

disingenuous \dis-in-JEN-yuh-wuss\ adjective

: lacking in candor; also : giving a false appearance of simple frankness : calculating

loquacious \loh-KWAY-shus\ adjective

1 : full of excessive talk : wordy
*2 : given to fluent or excessive talk : garrulous

manifesto \man-uh-FESS-toh\ noun

: a written statement declaring publicly the intentions, motives, or views of its issuer

gadzookery \gad-ZOO-kuh-ree\ noun

British : the use of archaisms (as in a historical novel)

verjuice \VER-joos\ noun

*1 : the sour juice of crab apples or of unripe fruit (as grapes or apples); also : an acid liquor made from verjuice
2 : acidity of disposition or manner

abnegate \AB-nih-gayt\ verb

1 : deny, renounce
*2 : surrender, relinquish

vindicate \VIN-duh-kayt\ verb

1 : avenge
2 : to free from allegation or blame
3 *a : confirm, substantiate b : to provide justification or defense for : justify

sibyl \SIB-ul\ noun, often capitalized

1 : any of several prophetesses usually accepted as 10 in number and credited to widely separate parts of the ancient world (as Babylonia, Egypt, Greece, and Italy)
*2 a : prophetess b : fortune-teller

blowdown \BLOH-down\ noun

: an instance of trees being blown down by the wind; also : a tree blown down

baroque \buh-ROAK\ adjective

1 : relating to a style of artistic expression prevalent especially in the 17th century that is noted for its use of complex forms, bold ornamentation, and contrasting elements to evoke tension
*2 : characterized by grotesqueness, extravagance, complexity, or flamboyance

clerisy \KLEH-ruh-see\ noun

: intelligentsia

expunge \ik-SPUNJ\ verb

*1 : to strike out, obliterate, or mark for deletion
2 : to efface completely : destroy
3 : to eliminate (as a memory) from one’s consciousness

perquisite \PER-kwuh-zut\ noun

*1 : a privilege, gain, or profit incidental to regular salary or wages; especially : one expected or promised
2 : gratuity, tip
3 : something held or claimed as an exclusive right or possession

hagiography \hag-ee-AH-gruh-fee\ noun

1 : biography of saints or venerated persons
*2 : idealizing or idolizing biography

pecuniary \pih-KYOO-nee-air-ee\ adjective

*1 : consisting of or measured in money
2 : of or relating to money

milquetoast \MILK-toast\ noun

: a timid, meek, or unassertive person

impuissant • \im-PWIH-sunt\  • adjective
: weak, powerless

 

aegis • \EE-jiss\  • noun
1 : shield, protection
*2 : patronage, sponsorship

 

recalcitrant • \rih-KAL-suh-trunt\  • adjective
*1 : obstinately defiant of authority or restraint
2 a : difficult to manage or operate b : not responsive to treatment c : resistant

 

mare • \MAHR-ay\  • noun, plural maria
: any of several mostly flat dark areas of considerable extent on the surface of the moon or Mars

 

grimalkin • \grih-MAWL-kin\  • noun
: a domestic cat; especially : an old female cat

 

salient • \SAIL-yunt\  • adjective
1 : jutting forward beyond a line
*2 : standing out conspicuously : prominent; especially : of notable significance

 

volte-face • \vawlt-FAHSS\  • noun
: a reversal in policy : about-face

 

concatenate • \kahn-KAT-uh-nayt\  • verb
: to link together in a series or chain

 

swivet • \SWIV-ut\  • noun
: a state of extreme agitation

 

jabberwocky • \JAB-er-wah-kee\  • noun
: meaningless speech or writing

 

winsome • \WIN-sum\  • adjective
*1 : generally pleasing and engaging often because of a childlike charm and innocence
2 : cheerful, lighthearted

 

orgulous • \OR-gyuh-luss\  • adjective
: proud

 

adulation • \aj-uh-LAY-shun\  • noun
: excessive or slavish admiration or flattery

 

ideate • \EYE-dee-ayt\  • verb
transitive sense : to form an idea or conception of
*intransitive sense : to form an idea

 

desideratum • \dih-sih-duh-RAH-tum\  • noun
: something desired as essential

 

rapscallion • \rap-SKAL-yun\  • noun
: rascal, ne’er-do-well

 

fecund • \FEH-kund\  • adjective
1 : fruitful in offspring or vegetation : prolific
*2 : intellectually productive or inventive to a marked degree

 

crux • \KRUKS\  • noun
1 : a puzzling or difficult problem : an unsolved question
*2 : an essential point requiring resolution or resolving an outcome
3 : a main or central feature (as of an argument)

 

sesquipedalian • \ses-kwuh-puh-DAIL-yun\  • adjective
1 : having many syllables : long
*2 : using long words

 

chirography • \kye-RAH-gruh-fee\  • noun
*1 : handwriting, penmanship
2 : calligraphy

 

besot • \bih-SAHT\  • verb
*1 : infatuate
2 : to make dull or stupid; especially : to muddle with drunkenness

 

indissoluble • \in-dih-SAHL-yuh-bul\  • adjective
: not dissoluble; especially : incapable of being annulled, undone, or broken : permanent

 

surfeit • \SUR-fut\  • noun
*1 : an overabundant supply : excess
2 : an intemperate or immoderate indulgence in something (as food or drink)
3 : disgust caused by excess

 

torrid • \TOR-id\  • adjective
1 : parched with heat especially of the sun : hot
*2 : ardent, passionate

 

vulpine • \VUL-pyne\  • adjective
1 : of, relating to, or resembling a fox
*2 : foxy, crafty

 

hypermnesia • \hye-perm-NEE-zhee-uh\  • noun
: abnormally vivid or complete memory or recall of the past

 

amenable • \uh-MEE-nuh-bul\  • adjective
1 : liable to be brought to account : answerable
2 a : capable of submission (as to judgment or test) : suited b : readily brought to yield, submit, or cooperate *c : inclined or favorably disposed in mind : willing

 

festinate • \FESS-tuh-nut\  • adjective
: hasty

 

abstruse • \ub-STROOS\  • adjective
: difficult to comprehend : recondite

 

retrodict • \reh-truh-DIKT\  • verb
: to utilize present information or ideas to infer or explain (a past event or state of affairs)

 

collywobbles • \KAH-lee-wah-bulz\  • noun
: bellyache

 

solecism • \SAH-luh-sih-zum\  • noun
1 : an ungrammatical combination of words in a sentence; also : a minor blunder in speech
2 : something deviating from the proper, normal, or accepted order
*3 : a breach of etiquette or decorum

 

simulacrum • \sim-yuh-LAK-rum\  • noun
1 : image, representation
*2 : an insubstantial form or semblance of something : trace

 

pertinacious • \per-tuh-NAY-shuss\  • adjective
*1 a : adhering resolutely to an opinion or purpose b : perversely persistent
2 : stubbornly unyielding or tenacious

 

disseise • \dih-SEEZ\  • verb
: to deprive especially wrongfully of seisin : dispossess

 

cock-a-hoop • \kah-kuh-HOOP\  • adjective
*1 : triumphantly boastful : exulting
2 : awry

 

lief • \LEEF\  • adverb
: soon, gladly